Catalan artist Joan Miró was born in Barcelona in 1893 and died in Palma de Mallorca. As a painter, sculptor, engraver and ceramist, he is one of the leading lights of the Surrealist movement, marked by the exuberance of his native province. His work reflects his love of the childlike spirit, the subconscious and Spain. 
His early work was strongly influenced by Fauvism, Cubism and Expressionism, but he later progressed towards relatively naive paintings and then towards more dreamlike, Surrealist works. 
In 1912, after visiting an exhibition dedicated to Cubism and despite his parents’ disapproval, he decided to consecrate himself entirely to painting. 
In 1917 he met Picabia in Barcelona and in 1920 decided to move to Paris to join the artistic community of Montparnasse, where he rubbed shoulders with Picasso and the Surrealists. 
From 1923 onwards Miró created a style free from the influences of Cubism, imagining a fantasy world populated by geometric shapes and strange symbols. 
His work tends towards an original mix of both disturbing and light-hearted elements that delve into the unconscious, poetry and imagination. His often magical, strange world is populated by beings that sit halfway between imaginary and real. His themes can be carefree and cheerful, but also exhibit thinly veiled demonic traits. 
In 1924, he signed the Manifesto of Surrealism and was described by André Breton as “the most Surrealist of the Surrealists”.  His art resembles the Surrealist movement mainly because of the dreamlike nature of his work and the influence of the unconscious. Over time, his paintings became increasingly abstract with more organic forms. In 1925, he took part in the first collective exhibition of Surrealists. In 1932, having returned to his home town, Miró created unique sculptures using various materials. Five years later in 1937, he produced the famous “Help Spain” poster in defiance to Franco. During the war, he painted Constellations, conveying his desire to escape from the anguish he experienced. 
In 1941, the first major retrospective of his work was held at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. 
He began to produce his first ceramics in 1944 and a little later, after the war, his work met with enormous success. 
During the 1950s, he focused on sculpture, urban furniture and ornamentation of memorials. He continued to paint increasingly intense and elliptical canvases, completing the Blue series in 1961. 
He undertook important monumental commissions, including monumental ceramics for the UNESCO building in Paris. He also painted abstract and brightly coloured large-format works, under the influence of American painting.
 
His work stands out for its starkness and rigour as well as its strenght and poetry. In 1976, the Miro Foundation was inaugurated in Barcelona in memory of the abundant, eclectic creativity of one of the greatest artists of the 20th century.